GEOL 111: PHYSICAL GEOLOGY
Instructor: Art Chadwick
PHYSICAL GEOLOGY is the study of materials and processes that comprise the solid and liquid parts of the earth. These materials include rocks, minerals, and fluids on any scale, from microscopic through the planet as a whole. We will learn to identify rocks and minerals, to recognize their composition, how they formed, and how they weather. We will consider various landform and landscape features such as waterfalls, mesas, buttes, etc. We will consider the kinds of forms we find in rocks, including various sedimentary and tectonic structures. We will also consider the discovery and uses of geological resources, including fossil fuels, building stone, ores, non-metallic mineral resources, soils, water, geothermal energy, etc. We will extend our understanding of geologic processes to encompass earthquakes, volcanic eruptions, mountain building, flooding, landslides, erosion, land subsidence, stream processes, shoreline processes, glaciation, wave action, tidal effects, wind action, dune and cave formation. And finally we will take a look at the geology of the planets, a subject for which the database is rapidly expanding.
Geology vitally impacts the lives of virtually every inhabitant of the earth. We will seek understanding of the roles that geological materials and processes will continue to play in our future. Because geology is a deductive science (rather than inductive) it does not generally lend itself to experimental investigation. Thus our laboratory exercises will focus on developing observational, investigative and interpretive skills. Since geology is best understood in the outcrop, field observation will be an essential part of this class.
Class time: on Tuesday and Thursday mornings from 9:00 to 10:30. The lab will be Monday at 4:00. Field trips will be as scheduled.
Required Text: Physical Geology by R. D. Dallmeyer, Kendall/Hunt Publishing.
Day LECTURE Laboratory Reading
Sep. 4 - Introduction to Physical Geology
Sep. 6 – Our Planet
Sep. 11 - Tectonics Introduction to Minerals
Sep. 13 - Tectonics
Sep. 18 – Mineralogy Mineral Identification
Sep. 20 – Igneous Rocks I Study of Rocks
Sep. 25 – Igneous Rocks II Igneous Rocks
Sep. 27 – Volcanoes Volcanoes
Oct. 2 – Weathering Weathering
Oct..4 – Exam I
Oct. 9 – Sedimentary Rocks I Sedimentary Rocks
Oct. 11 – Sedimentary Rocks II
Oct. 16 – Metamorphic Rocks Igneous Rocks
Oct. 18 - Geologic time Geologic Time
Oct. 23 –Rock Deformation Topographic maps
Oct. 25 – Rock Deformation Stream Patterns
Oct. 30 – Earthquakes Erosion and Deposition
Nov. 1 - Exam II Evolution of landscapes - humid
Nov. 6 – Mass Movement Evolution of landscapes - arid
Nov. 8 – Rivers and Streams Ground Water
Nov. 13 –Groundwater Systems Eolian Landforms
Nov. 15 – Glaciers and glaciation Glacial Landforms
Nov. 20 – Deserts and Eolian Landforms Shoreline Processes
Nov. 22 - Exam III Structural Geology
Nov. 27 – Geologic Hazards Interpretation of Structure
Nov. 29 – Thanksgiving Break Interpretation of Structure
Dec. 4 - Environmental Geology Geologic Hazards
Dec. 6 – Forensic Geology Environmental Geology
Dec. 7 - Subsurface Geology and Fossil Fuels Plate Tectonics
Dec. 9 – Summary and Review
Final Exam as Scheduled
Internet sites for further exploration:
GENERAL REQUIREMENTS AND GRADING SYSTEM
a) Exams: Three unit exams and a comprehensive final will be given. These exams cover the factual material presented in class and assigned readings over that unit. Conceptual material is by its nature cumulative and some questions of this sort will require integration of conceptual material covered in previous units. Three unit tests (15% each) and a final (20%) will be given. Exams will cover the material in lecture and in lab.
Exams - 65%
b) Field trips: Two required field trips will be scheduled on Sundays. These trips must be accomplished by all students taking this course. Failure to complete either of the required field components will lower your grade by one letter.
c) Labs: The laboratory component will include exercises that will be graded separately. These exercises will comprise 25% of your grade. Failure to complete lab exercises on time will result in a deduction of 10% per day.
Labs - 25%
d) Quizzes: Each class period will include a quiz over the assigned reading material. There will not be a quiz on the first day of class, nor on days when exams are being given. All other days, expect quizzes over the material assigned opposite that day. For example, on Sep. 31, the quiz will cover the material on pages 129 - 142, etc.
Quizzes - 10%
e) Letter Grades: A=90% and above B=80% and above C=70% and above D=55% and above F=below 55%